Help with some words from 'The Eights'

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This topic contains 2 replies, has 2 voices, and was last updated by Dave Dave 1 year, 6 months ago.

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  • #40720

    Hi all,
    I’m trying to work my way through translating ‘The Eights’ – AN 8
    I’m still just a novice at understanding Pali and I’m struggling with the syntax of bits of the Pali
    I wondered if anyone can help?

    For instance:
    I’m stuck on the verse section of AN8.5. There is the term Avekkhatī. I assume it’s derived from the adjective Apekkha, but the case ending is confusing me. Maybe it’s a pres. particple? Apekkha+tī meaning ‘one who expects'(?), but why does it end in a long i?
    Similarly, a little further along is the word paṭighātameti. How should this be parsed? paṭighāta+amu+eti, paṭighāta+me+ti??
    and there is the Adjective Aniṭṭhato. Again I’m confused by the declension. Aniṭṭha+ato, Aniṭṭha+to, A+niṭṭha+to, a pronominal?

    If anyone has any thoughts on these I’d appreciate it.

  • #40721

    Hello Dave.

    Verse is challenging! They get a little liberal with the forms of words in order to keep to the meter.

    When I look at AN 8.5 in the Digital Pali Reader (DPR), and at Sutta central, I don’t find avekkhati ending in a long-I. So, with a short-I, it’s a verb, with a 3rd person singular ending.

    paṭighātameti looks to me like like it’s a noun that has been (pardon the coined term) “verbed”, also a 3rd person singular ending.

    aniṭṭhato is the word niṭṭhaṃ with the negating a- prefix. It seems to be an adjective that has been used as a noun, with the “-at-” added to meet the meter.

    Glad to see you working with the Pali. When doing translations, the DPR is my best friend.

    Hope this helps!

    • This reply was modified 1 year, 6 months ago by Linda Linda.
  • #40723

    Hi Linda,
    thanks for the prompt reply.
    After I posted this I started re-reading Warder and noted his comment that in poetry pretty much anything goes in order to get the metre right.
    As I said I’m really just beginning playing with translation. I see I should check other versions to detect errors & typos etc.
    Thanks for the pointers. Its good to get another view when I have tied myself up in syntactic knots.
    I am still learning to find my way around DPR but my favourite tool at the moment is ‘Pali Lookup’ which is great for checking declensions & conjugations. Its available on software.informer.


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